Legalising Online Gambling in Australia
THE LEGALITY* OF ONLINE GAMBLING IN AUSTRALIA
The world of online gambling is constantly evolving, and with it, local legislation.
As recently as November 2016, a new law was introduced to parliament. Named the Interactive Gambling Amendment Bill 2016 it is an amendment to “the Interactive Gambling Act 2001 (the IGA) [designed] to implement the Government’s response to recommendations in the 2015 Review of the impact of illegal offshore wagering”.
Sound confusing? Like all legalise, it is a bit.
Basically, its goal is “to tighten restrictions on offshore operators that operate online gambling services in Australia… set out a series of illegal gambling services and others that are permitted to operate if they meet certain exceptions… [and] give the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA) power to issue warnings, infringement notices, civil penalties and injunctions.”
What does this mean for you as an Australian player? At the moment, as far as we can tell not much. The basics of the IGA (more below) still stand.
That being said, we at Casino Reef are always monitoring the situation and will do our best to keep this page updated on any progress. But it’s important for you to keep your eyes and ears open for any changes as well.
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SHORT HISTORY OF AUSTRALIAN GAMBLING
Australians love gambling, going a long way back! This is in no way a comprehensive summary of where Australian gambling has been, however, it is a lovely glimpse at some of the basics.
1840s Card games and horse racing imported by Chinese and then British settlers
1920s First Australian National Lottery
1968 Government passes referendum on casino licenses
1970s Government legalises off-track sports betting
1973 First legal casino in Australia opened: Wrest Point Hotel Casino
2001 Government passes Interactive Gambling Act (IGA)
2016 Government vote on legalisation of gambling
2019 Australia’s twenty first casino to open: Crown Sydney
BACKGROUND ON LOCAL GAMBLING LEGALISATION
Before the introduction of the Interactive Gambling Act (more below), online gambling was legal for Australian residents. More accurately, perhaps, according to a report commissioned by the Victorian Casino and Gaming Authority back in 1999 – Australian Gambling Comparative History and Analysis – the ramifications of online gambling weren’t quite understood, or in a sense, recognized at all. As the report reads: “Information technology innovation has significantly altered the gambling industry landscape in the 1990s.” Something, which the government now needed to address.
THE INTERACTIVE GAMBLING ACT 2001
The Interactive Gambling Act was introduced in Australia in 2001, making it illegal for online gambling operators to offer real money online interactive gambling platforms to Australian residents, or even to advertise these services to Australians.
The 2001 law was intended to protect Australian residents from any adverse effects of online gambling. And while Australians can still access some online gambling sites, it makes things a little more complicated for local residents to play, than for gamblers who live elsewhere.
EFFECTS OF THE INTERACTIVE GAMBLING ACT
In reality, the Act has done little to stop Australian residents accessing online gambling websites hosted in other countries (hence the Interactive Gambling Amendment, as above).
Many feel this is a shame, as legalisation, licensing, regulation, and taxation of online gambling activity by the Australian government would likely be:
- Realistic as to the failure of prohibition
- Respectful of an activity 80% of Australians engage in (the highest rate in the world!)
- Responsible for keeping Australian gambling revenues in Australia
ENFORCING GAMBLING LEGISLATION
According to the Australian Government Department of Communications and the Arts: “The main offence provision of the Interactive Gambling Act 2001 is clause 15: the offence of ‘providing an interactive gambling service to customers in Australia’… Accessing and using the interactive gambling services is not an offence. It is also allowed to companies based in Australia to offer their gambling services to gamblers located outside Australia with the exception of those countries that were called ‘designated countries’.” 
It continues: “It’s not an offence for someone to gamble online. Also, the Act does not override the laws of other jurisdictions, such as Australian states and territories and other countries.”
As such, we highly recommend that in addition to deepening your knowledge of general Australian gambling laws, you familiarise yourself with the precise local legislation relevant to you.
And remember, if you choose to gamble using an illegal service, and lose your money – even through such fraudulent activities as refusal to return your deposit or pay your winnings – you have no recourse, as no government body will back you up in the face of an illegally operating site.
We at Casino Reef believe in safe and responsible gambling, by adults with the capacity to understand both the risks associated with an individual bet or wager, as well as the long term impact gambling may have on their financial stability, health, and personal welfare.
And while we think gambling is a fun hobby, more than anything we recommend paying attention to local legislation when choosing to make an online wager – as covering your bets legally is about as important a decision as you can make when choosing to play at an online casino.
* This article should not be considered legal advice. Local legislation, restrictions and enforcement are subject to change. In addition, we have no responsibility to update this page for events or circumstances occurring after the date of its initial publication.